Sheep Farming in Europe: A Positive Contribution to Biodiversity!
Biodiversity is simply the diversity of living species and their genetic characteristics (definition from Larousse). The concept of biodiversity includes all-natural environments and living organisms (plants, animals, humans, fungi, bacteria and viruses). We may not believe it, but sheep farming is integral to biodiversity for several reasons:
- Grasslands maintain a balance between animals and plant populations. For example, they are very appealing to pollinating insects, some bird species or for microfauna present in soil.
- Agro-ecological elements such as the border of landscapes, hedges, groves, coppices, ditches and low walls are all beneficial to biodiversity because they provide sanctuaries to plants, small animals and vulnerable insects that are not resistant to adverse agricultural practices.
- Grasslands also help reduce farming energy usage, water quality control and help combat global warming by storing carbon in soils.